The history of Tang Costome

Tang costume is a kind of dress in China. Bai literally refers to the clothing of Tang Dynasty. Now it mostly refers to the clothing similar to Manchu mandarin jacket and absorbed western style cutting. The clothing of Tang Dynasty is mainly Han clothing, which is characterized by hand collar, right lapel, lace up and no buckle. Today's clothing, often called "Tang suit", is developed from the mandarin jacket of Manchu nationality in the Qing Dynasty. It is characterized by standing collar, lapel and clasp. It also absorbs some Western cutting characteristics, Push up Pantyhose such as connecting sleeves on the shoulder, etc. Tang Dynasty clothing and the present "Tang suit" style is completely different and unrelated.


Because the Qing Dynasty's policy of shaving hair and changing clothes forced the ruled people to wear long robes and Mandarin coats, this kind of long robe and Mandarin coat style clothing is often considered as the traditional Chinese national costume.


Some people think [3] that the so-called "Tang costume" is a mandarin jacket with western style tailoring, which has no connection with the Tang Dynasty, and the name of "Tang suit" is inappropriate. In a broad sense, Tang costume should be the general name of Chinese clothing, while in a narrow sense, it should be Tang Dynasty clothing. No matter what kind of clothing, Manchu costume should not be represented. The Mandarin coat has a strong Manchu characteristics, and its history is short enough to represent the historical heritage of various ethnic groups and thousands of years in China. Historically, Hanfu was the mainstream dress before the fall of Ming Dynasty, which lasted for nearly 4000 years. Because of the "shaving and changing clothes" order in the early Qing Dynasty, it was not normal to die out, while the history of Manchu was only 300 years. From the national point of view, the Mandarin coat can only represent the Manchu nationality, not the multi-ethnic of China. As the general name of Chinese clothing, Tang costume should include the mainstream national costume of China, not just the style of APEC meeting dress in 2001. "Tang costume" in 2001 APEC meeting is actually full dress, and its name should be changed to "full dress". However, this view is quite narrow-minded and nationalistic.


Some people also think that Tang costume is the clothing of Chinese people. Since the Republic of China, this kind of clothing has been designated as national dress. Now the mainstream clothing with Chinese characteristics is the style of APEC meeting dress in 2001.

The origin of the saying "Tang suit" has some flavor of "export to domestic sales". Foreigners call "Chinese street" Bai as "Chinatown", and naturally Chinese style clothing is called "Tang suit". The appellation of "Tang costume" actually comes from overseas. In the heyday of the Tang Dynasty, the reputation was far beyond the overseas countries, and later, the overseas countries called China "Tang people". "The history of the Ming Dynasty · foreign countries Zhenla Zhuan" said: "Tang people, the various (foreigners) call Chinese. All overseas countries will do so. " In the United States, Southeast Asia and even Europe, the Chinese residential areas are also known as "Chinatowns", and the overseas Chinese call themselves Tang people because the Tang Dynasty has been a proud Dynasty for Chinese people since ancient times. It is not only natural that the traditional Chinese style clothes worn by the Chinese people living in Chinatown are called "Tang suits", which is not only a matter of course, but also has become a common name overseas and the internationally recognized title of Chinese people.

At the beginning of the 20th century, under the social background of "the coexistence of Chinese and Western clothing", the compatriots in Guangdong, Hong Kong and Macao used "Tang suit" and "suit" to distinguish Chinese and Western dress. At the 2001 APEC meeting in Shanghai, China, as the host country, invited the leaders of Asian and Pacific economies to wear "Tang costume" and set off a new trend of peaceful and festive "Tang suit". This is not only the integration of tradition and modernity, but also the necessity of popular law, and the embodiment of China's status and demeanor in the international community. The origin of Tang costume is very close to people, so it is easier to reintegrate into people's life. For example, if you wear a Tang coat, you can also wear trousers and leather shoes. You can cover a windbreaker on the outside and a high collar shirt on the inside This characteristic is a practical factor beyond the cultural level of the resurgence of Tang costume, but this factor is also indispensable in the popularity. It is because of this that the long robes and big sleeves worn by people in Tang Dynasty, or even the robes and clothes of Ming Dynasty, which are closer to people, are not likely to be popular again. Their regression may take another form, the element.

Western countries call "Zhonghua Street" as "China town", which sounds like "Tang" in English, so it is translated into "Chinatown". Therefore, the Chinese style clothes worn by "Tang people" in these Chinese streets are called "Tang suits".


According to the opinion of Ms. Yu Ying, the main designer of the "Tang suit" worn by APEC heads of state, "Tang suit" should be the general name of Chinese style clothing. Therefore, when the design group discussed the name of the suit after the costume was designed, the process of naming the suit as "Tang suit" was deeply influenced by the interpretation of "export to domestic sales". Modern shroud clothing is also a form of modern Tang costume

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